The handwritten musical score of the chief cantor of Kaposvár.

Jewish music, just like any other form of the Jewish culture, connects Jews all around the world and show local flavors at the same time. The oldest layer of Jewish ritual music, the tunes of Torah reading originate in ancient times. A number of other tunes however have their roots in the medieval period, during which religious and secular poetry was blossoming in the Jewish culture of Spain. Jewish folk music on the other hand, despite similarities, has always drawn on the music of the surrounding culture. Tunes adapted to suit religious texts dominate Jewish folk music, there are however a number of secular songs, such as funny or love songs as well. Klezmerim, Jewish musicians, often played their music at weddings or balls. Religious Jewish men and women were not allowed to dance together. As it was part of their religious practice, Chassidic men round danced together but without women.  Their Hora dance, which originated in Eastern Europe, has conquered the world by now. ‘Szól a kakas már’ (The Rooster Crows) is another widely known song, which according to tradition was composed in the late 18th, early 19th century by Izsák Taub, the Chassidic Rebbe of Nagykálló.